They are the criminal offenses that the Penal Code (CP) punishes with light sentences.
The deprivation of the right to drive motor vehicles and mopeds from 3 months to 1 year.
The deprivation of the right to possession and possession of weapons from 3 months to 1 year.
Special disqualification for the exercise of the profession, art or trade that is related to animals and for the possession of animals from 3 months to 1 year.
The deprivation of the right to reside in certain places or approach for less time of 6 months.
The prohibition of approaching the victim or his relatives or other persons determined by the judge or the court from 1 month to less than 6 months.
The prohibition to communicate with the victim or with his relatives or with other persons determined by the judge or the court from 1 month to less than 6 months.
Fine of up to 3 months.
Permanent location from 1 day to 3 months.
Work for the benefit of the community from 1 to 30 days.
The crime of homicide for less serious recklessness of article 142.2 CP, which is punishable by a fine of 3 to 18 months.
For example, the death of a pedestrian caused by a traffic accident when the imprudence of the driver can not be considered serious.
The crime of minor injuries of article 147.2 CP that is sanctioned with a fine of 1 to 3 months.
For example, the injury caused to another person that requires more than a first medical assistance, without the need of medical or surgical treatment.
The misdemeanor of fraud of electric power, gas, water, telecommunications or other energy of article 255 CP that is sanctioned with a fine of 3 to 12 months.
For example, use a light or water connection for your own supply.
Yes. With Law 1/2015, of March 30, which reformed the CP of 1995, as of July 1, 2015, the possibility of qualifying criminal offenses as faults, which did not generate antecedents, disappears.
Therefore, all the crimes of the CP involve criminal records. Also the minor crimes.
To cancel them, we must wait 6 months from the fulfillment of the imposed sentence and request it from the Ministry of Justice.
Analyzing to the smallest detail the evidence that can be presented until the day of the trial.
Unlike other criminal proceedings, in the trial for minor offenses there is no phase of judicial investigation, but, once the judicial police has compiled the evidence, the parties and potential witnesses are summoned to trial.